Effect of Vaporized Cannabis on Exertional Breathlessness and Exercise Endurance in Advanced COPD: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2018 Jul 27;:
Authors: Abdallah SJ, Smith BM, Ware MA, Moore M, Li PZ, Bourbeau J, Jensen D
RATIONALE: A series of studies conducted ~40 years ago demonstrated an acute bronchodilator effect of smoked cannabis in healthy and asthmatic adults. However, the acute effects of vaporized cannabis on airway function in adults with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remain unknown.
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that inhaled vaporized cannabis would alleviate exertional breathlessness and improve exercise endurance by enhancing static and dynamic airway function in COPD.
METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial of 16 adults with advanced COPD (mean±SD forced expiratory volume in 1-sec, 36±11% predicted), we compared the acute effect of 35 mg inhaled vaporized cannabis (18.2% delta-9-tetrahdyrocannabinol (THC), <0.1% cannabidiol (CBD)) vs. 35 mg of a placebo control cannabis (CTRL; 0.33% THC, <0.99% CBD) on physiological and perceptual responses during cardiopulmonary cycle endurance exercise testing; spirometry and impulse oscillometry (iOS) at rest; and cognitive function, psychoactivity and mood.
RESULTS: Compared with CTRL, cannabis had no effect on: breathlessness intensity ratings during exercise at isotime (cannabis, 2.7±1.2 Borg units vs. CTRL, 2.6±1.3 Borg units); exercise endurance time (cannabis, 3.8±1.9 min vs. CTRL, 4.2±1.9 min); cardiac, metabolic, gas exchange, ventilatory, breathing pattern and/or operating lung volume parameters at rest and during exercise; spirometry and iOS-derived pulmonary function test parameters at rest; and cognitive function, psychoactivity and mood.
CONCLUSION: Single-dose inhalation of vaporized cannabis had no clinically meaningful positive or negative effect on airway function, exertional breathlessness and exercise endurance in adults with advanced COPD. Clinical trial registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03060993).
PMID: 30049223 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Source: Estudios sobre Cannabidiol (CBD)